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The ten greatest archaeological discoveries for 2012

05 January 2013 / 16:01:05  GRReporter
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At one of the biggest artificial hills in Greece (near the village of Vardali and Neo Monastiri in Fthiotida), several hundred people created a community during the Middle Neolithic period (c. 5800-5300 BC). They created a place with embankments, built moats surrounding the village and erected stone houses with stone floors. Excavations are co-directed by archaeologists Nina Kyparissi and Yiannis Hamilakis. A large number of clay figurines was discovered, the total number of which exceeds 300 - one of the greatest amounts for such finds.

8. Corinth

The colours of the tomb

The surprising portrait of a beautiful young woman who is depicted lying on a bed, covered with a red cloth, decorated with yellow, white and azure blue fringes, and garlands, ribbons and peacocks on the chamber and walls, make this funeral of the late Roman Era extraordinary. The colours, which are completely preserved, the manner of painting - a mixture of ancient and Faiyum techniques - make it unique. The tomb was discovered during the construction of the new Corinth-Patras Highway. It is subterranean, with arches, and the roof was destroyed. It dates back to the third century AD., with dimensions 2.40 x 2.30 metres and inside it has 2 chambers - one of the woman's burial.

9. Didymoteicho

The mosaics of Plotinopolis

Impressive mosaics were discovered during the excavations of Plotinopolis, a Roman town near Didimotiho. Portrayals of the God of Eurus River on one of them, located in a Roman villa (2nd -3rd century) and a female image, probably Plotini, the wife of the Roman Emperor Traianus who founded the city and named it after his wife, bring together history and art. The other mosaics are outstanding as well - Nereids, dolphins, fantastic animals such as fish-centaurs, birds, plants and various geometric shapes are depicted in the mosaic unearthed.

10. Mountainous Arcadia

What does Artemis show

The temple of Artemis Likoatida, the only one so far in Greece dedicated to the goddess, was found in Arahamites during excavations in Arcadia by the Finnish Institute in Athens. Two inscriptions were discovered on roof tiles of a neighbouring building, which made it clear to whom it was dedicated. Thus, the little town of Likoa housing the temple of Artemis Likoatida and mentioned by Pausanias, was located in Agia Paraskevi. Moreover, the ancient valley of Menalos is identify today as Arahamites Valley, and the ancient mountain of Menalos is associated with today's Agios Ilias.

Tags: archaeology excavations discoveries Thessaloniki Crete Didymoteicho Arcadia
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